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Textile waste will be used to produce eco-friendly technology

Jun 16, 2021
Textile waste will be used to produce eco-friendly technology

Kaunas (Lithuania)

The Kaunas University of Technology and Lithuanian Energy Institute scientists have discovered a method to convert lint-microfibers found in clothes dryers into a useable form of energy.

The team of scientists from these universities have constructed a pilot pyrolysis plant along with developing a mathematical model to calculate the environmental and economic outcomes of the technology. According to the research, lint microfibers produced by 1 million people can be converted to obtain 14 tons of oil, 10 tons of char, and 21.5 tons of gas.

Every year people consume 80 billion pieces of clothing and €140 million worth of this clothing goes into the landfill. This waste produces large amount of emissions, health issues, and also cause serious environmental issues.  If the laundry impact on the environment is reduced, then the footprint of consuming clothes can also be minimized.

According to Samy Yousef, Senior researcher, Kaunas University of Technology, Lint-microfibers are classified as micro-plastics whereas large plastic items can be sorted and recycled. The case is not the same with microfibers like tiny plastic pieces that are less than 5 mm in diameter. He added that when the textile is being referred, people think of long fabric which is contaminated with dye and dirt. A lot of energy is required to convert solid waste into liquid waste. On the other hand, lint-microfiber is a broken textile waste that has a uniform size and shape. This contains a lot of flammable compounds that can be easily transformed. He further added that the team has come up with the calculations and technology that will help the household to receive compensation for the lint-microfiber that gets collected from the drying machine filters to a collection point.

As per the research, this lint-microfiber is considered as the renewable source of energy that will ensure sustainability and will also accelerate the transition of the textile industry to a circular economy. The study has also shown that if these microfibers are applied on an industrial scale, the strategy will be eco-friendly and profitable. 

Source – EurekAlert

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