Impact of air humidity on textile materials

Impact of air humidity on textile materials

Humidification systems are vital to textile industry, from combing raw materials to carding, twisting, spinning and weaving. Air humidity in a textile manufacturing unit can make or break the quality of materials being produced. Humidification systems are vital to textile industry, from combing raw materials to carding, twisting, spinning and weaving. Air humidity in a textile manufacturing unit can make or break the quality of materials being produced.

Air is an
important element for every human being. Man’s capacity for work and his
general health may seriously be impaired by defective ventilation. The purity
of air, the temperature and the movement of air are few of the many factors to
be considered. In business and industrial environments, the performance of
equipment and materials is enhanced by effectively applying humidity control.

Maintaining
indoor air quality through humidity management can lower the energy costs,
increase productivity, save labour and maintenance costs, and ensure product
quality. Controlled humidification helps to protect humidity-sensitive
materials, personnel, delicate machinery and equipment. In short,
humidification can provide a better environment and improve the quality of life
and work.

The
increase in speed of machinery liberates fibrous dust. The generation of static
electricity while processing in spinning and weaving creates dust and fibre fly
(fluff). Higher moisture content lowers the insulation resistance and helps to
carry off the electrostatic charge. Hence, relative humidity needs to be
maintained above the lower limit, specified for various textile processes so as
to avoid the problems of yarn breakage in dry and brittle condition and also
minimise the buildup of static charge so as to reduce dust and fibre fly.

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