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PLI Scheme a shot in the arm for MMF & tech textiles

Nov 17, 2020
PLI Scheme a shot in the arm for MMF & tech textiles

On November 11, 2020, The Union Cabinet gave its approval to extend the Production- Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme to textile products along with nine other new sectors entailing additional financial outlay of Rs 1460 billion over a 5-year period. The other sectors included in the scheme are advance chemistry cell (ACC) battery, electronic/technology products, automobiles & auto components, pharmaceutical drugs, telecom & networking products, food products, high efficiency solar PV modules, white goods (ACs & LED), and speciality steel.

For textiles, the PLI scheme, with financial outlay of Rs 106.83 billion, will be applicable for manmade fibre (MMF) segment & technical textiles, and will be implemented by the Union Ministry of Textiles. “The textiles industry plays a big role in India's economy by contributing 2 per cent to the GDP and employing more than 45 million people. In spite of some signs of demand pick-up in the recent months, companies (especially micro, small and medium enterprises) are still under severe financial stress due to Covid 19 pandemic. We welcome the government's move to include textile products in the PLI scheme as it will give a fillip to the industry,” said Ashok Juneja, National President, The Textile Association (India).

According to Gurudas Aras, Director, Textile Engineering Group, A.T.E. Enterprises Pvt Ltd, the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme announced by the Government for 10 labour-intensive industries, including the textile industry, is a right step in the direction of making India 'Aatmanirbhar'. “The scheme has allocated Rs 10,683 crores focusing on man- made fibres and technical textiles. This would undoubtedly incentivise local manufacturing and exports of certain man-made based products over and above it will also generate employment,” he added.

Navdeep Singh Sodhi, Partner, Gherzi Textil Organisation, Switzerland, said, “The extension of the Production Linked Incentive scheme to the MMF and Technical Textiles is a recognition of the potential of the twin emerging sectors of the textile value chain. It sends the right signals to the industry and will help to attract investment and boost production.” Gherzi is one of the world’s leading consultancy firm for MMF and technical textile.

The Indian textile industry is one of the largest in the world and has a share of about 5 per cent of global exports in textiles and apparel. But India's share in the manmade fibre segment is low in contrast to the global consumption pattern, which is majorly in this segment. The PLI scheme is likely to attract large investment in the sector to further boost domestic manufacturing, especially in the MMF segment and technical textiles.

Ashok Juneja commented, “Though India is one of the leading textile manufacturers in the world, it has a minuscule share of just 0.7 per cent in the global manmade fibre (MMF) market. Similarly, in the technical textiles, India accounts for just 0.6 per cent share of the total global market. PLI scheme, aimed at attracting investment in cutting-edge technologies and increasing competitiveness of the industry, will surely help Indian textile manufacturers to be integral part of the global supply chain. We will wait for more clarity on PLI scheme from the Ministry of Textiles.”

Traditionally, India has been missing a larger basket of exportable products since the majority of global trade happens in MMF-based products. Also, so far cheaper MMF and garment imports dominated Indian markets. “With the PLI scheme, there will be a tactical shift happening to man-made fibre-based garments which will open up a lot of opportunities for export as well as domestic market. Since the maximum positive impact will be felt in the labour-intensive garment-making sector, there will be many new jobs created. I expect that more investments will happen in creating new capacities in man-made fibre-based textile products and also in the technical textiles since both sectors have the potential of exports and import substitution. The PLI scheme will help the industry in becoming globally competitive and can also attract foreign investment. This scheme offers our traditional textile industry an opportunity to contribute towards building an Aatmanirbhar Bharat,” opined Gurudas Aras.v As per a study, carried out by Gherzi for SRTEPC (The Synthetic & Rayon Textiles Export Promotion Council), the global mill consumption of fibres was 108 million tonnes dominated by MMF (mainly filaments) with 70 per cent share. Whereas in India, cotton still occupies 70 per cent share of the fibre consumption, with significant scope for penetration of MMF.

“India’s exports of MMF textiles at $ 6.1 billion in 2018 (4 per cent of global trade) also have further potential to grow. The Indian technical textiles market estimated at $ 18.1 billion in 2018 has been growing at 13 per cent CAGR, representing a tenth of the global technical textile industry and with promising growth prospects,” said Navdeep Singh Sodhi.

PLI scheme is expected to encourage the industry to make investment to improve manufacturing capabilities and boost exports by focusing on high value-added products. However, Sodhi believes that the optimism should be tempered with caution due to prevailing sentiment in the global textile industry and unique characteristics of the two segments (MMF and technical textiles). “First, the incentive applies only to incremental investment and sales turnover vis-a-vis base year (2019-20). For the nascent technical textiles segment the gestation period to ramp up the project to an optimum capacity utilization is longer than conventional textiles due to the production of prototypes, requirement for certification and statutory approvals from buyers. It takes between 12-18 months to ramp up capacity to 85%. It is expected that the policy guidelines will take into account these unique features for incentive to be effective. All said, the recognition of the need for Indian textile industry to diversify is a welcome step,” he explained.

- Rakesh Rao